Mausoleum is the tomb of Carian Satrap Mausolos. Therefore, it named after him. It was built by both his wife and his sister Queen Artemisia II in the center of Halicarnassus for his husband Mausolos who died in 353 BC. This Mausoleum is an unprecedented structure in that period. It has stood for centuries but its major part was destroyed due to the Anatolian earthquake in 8 August 1304. Afterwards, its stones were used I the construction of Bodrum Castle. In addition, many of reliefs and sculptures of this mausoleum were taken to the British Museum by the British in 1857.
Regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the World, Mausoleum was a considerably large sized tomb combining Greek architecture with its columns and Egyptian architecture with its pyramid-shaped roof. Due to this significance, all the structures built in the same style after its construction has been called as mausoleum. This open-air museum is an important source to understand the culture and life of these days.
Address: 1618. Sk. Yeniköy Mahallesi, 48440 Bodrum Tepecik